Q. 1  Which of the following statement is correct about the process of development of an individual?

1. It is uni -dimensional in nature
2. It is influenced only by heredity of an individual
3. There is cultural diversity in the process of development
4. Development is only based on environmental factors

Q.2 Which of the following questions is an example of enhancing critical thinking in children?

1. Find out what people living around coastal areas usually eat and why?
2. Name 10 states of India.
3. Write tables from 2 to 10.
4. Memorize and recite the given poem.
Q.3 A stage theory of development explicitly emphasizes which of the following principles?
1. Continuity of development
2. Discontinuity of development
3. Cultural factors that influence development
4. Environmental factors in developmental process
Q.4 Children’s engagement with learning in schools is influenced by which of the following factors?
(i) Socialisation by the family
(ii) Peer relations
(iii) Cultural values
(iv) Self- esteem of the children
1. (iv)
2. (ii) and (iv )
3. (i), (ii), (ili), (iv)
A. (i), (iii)
Q.5 According to Jean Piaget children in preoperational stage of development are able to do:
1. Reversible thinking
2. Make -believe play
3. Hierarchal classification
4. Conservation
Q. 6 A young child can engage in symbolic play but cannot as yet take perspective of another person
and becomes easily upset by events he/ she cannot control . Which of the following stages given
by Jean Piaget applies to this child’s level of development?
1. Sensori -motor
2. Pre -operational
3. Concrete operational
4. Formal operational
Q.7 The Kohlberg’s model of moral development has which of the following characteristics?
1. Stages of moral development are universal in nature.
2. There is continuity in development of moral thinking.
3. Moral development is not an orderly process; it is entirely dependent on environmental factors.
4. Moral development is dependent primarily on cultural values.
Q.8 According to Lev Vygotsky, the zone of proximal development should be used for –
1. teaching and assessment
2. teaching only
3. assessment only
4. ascertaining fluid intelligence
Q.9 A teacher gives a half done example to child while teaching a particular concept. According to Lev
Vygotsky’s which of the following strategies is the teacher using?
1. Observational learning
2. Scaffolding
3. Conflict teaching
4. Conditioning
Q.10 The classroom environment of progressive classroom will NOT have which of the following
1. Involvement of children in decision making
2. Creation of a fear -free learning environment
3. Assessing individual differences of learners
4. Maintaining external discipline by the teacher
Q.11 It is important that the teacher does not segregate children into fixed groups based upon
intelligence quotient (IQ) as –
1. itis inconvenient for teachers
2. it is inconvenient for schools
3. it does not allow children to complete among themselves across groups
4. the concept of IQ. is not stable and it also leads to labelling of children
Q.12 According to Haward Gardener’s theory, it is important to have a variety of teaching modes
/strategies within a classroom because .  
1. it helps exercise multiple intelligences
2. it helps improve general intelligence
3. it helps to create ‘star’ students
4. it helps improve practical intelligence.
Q.13  The two -word utterances often used by young children between 1.5 to 2.5 years of age are called:
1. Overextension of speech
2. Telegraphic speech
3. Neologism
4. Babbling 
Q. 14  “Men generally think with their heads and women with their hearts”. This statement reflects: 
1. gender discrimination
2. gender stereotypes
3. genetic differences between two sexes
4. gender constancy 
Q.15 Which of the following assessment strategies would you NOT use in a progressive classroom? 
1. Use of reflective journals by teachers
2. Self assessment and peer assessment
3. Reliance on norm -referenced assessment only
4. Creation of student portfolios
Q.16  By inclusion of the language and culture of the disadvantaged and marginalised groups within the
school curriculum a teacher can ensure 
1. equality in education
2. equity in education
3. sympathy for the underprivileged groups
4. vocational education specially for under privileged groups
Q.17  A child in a classroom faces continual challenge in understanding mathematical operations
despite adequate support. This could be because of
 1. Autism
2. Dyscalculia
3. Dysgraphia
4. Dyslexia
Q.18  Which of the following will NOT BE an effective strategy for the education of a student with
hearing impairment within an inclusive institution
1. Use of subtitles while screening videos / movies
2. Use of expressive body movements and gestures in teaching
3. Supplementing oral communication with textual / visual form of communication.
4. Reliance on verbalisation as primary mode of communication
Q.19  Deep seated teacher prejudices about disadvantaged groups can often be revealed through an
analysis of which of the following classroom processes?
1. Seating arrangements done on the basis of gender, caste and class
2. Encouragement of ‘mastery oriented’ motivational style by the teacher
3. Making reasonable accommodations for children with learning difficulties by the teacher
4. Encouraging children to examine, resist and challenge the mechanical aspects of the education
Q.20  Creativity in a classroom can be encouraged by providing opportunities for students to :
1. join special achievement sections
2. encouraging original discovery and thinking
3. developing good test- taking skills
4. learning convergent thinking
Q.21  Cognitive engagement of children within a constructive classroom can be facilitated by –
(i) Children’s talk
(ii) Emotions of a teacher
(iii) Positive interpersonal relationships among children
(iv) Externally imposed discipline
1. (iii)
2. (iv)
3. (i), (ii), (iii)
4. (i), (ii),(iv)
Q.22 “The failure of children is often the failure of schools” which of the following supports this
1. School exists so that they can appropriately discriminate among student’s ability
2. Children fail because schools do not take into consideration different pace of learning of
3. Children fail because they do not comply with school requirements
4. Children fail because of the lack of ability and less IQ.
Q.23 To be relevant and meaningful a concept needs to be –
1. taught using a proper definition
2. linked with the social context of the child’s life
3. reproduced correctly from the textbook in the child’s notebook
4. memorized well so that a student can take part in competition
Q.24 The ‘fear of failure ‘needs to be discouraged in children within a classroom because –
1. Children’s fears cannot be handled within a classroom by a teacher
2. School cannot take responsibility for emotional lives of children.
3. Failure and errors are a natural part of children’s learning
4. Children who experiences fear are developmental failures
Q.25 It is often argued that rewards may not be the best method of motivating learners because –
1. they decrease intrinsic motivation
2. they increase intrinsic motivation
3. they decrease extrinsic motivation
4. they decrease both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
Q.26 Good problem solvers often have which set of the following characteristics?
1. Creativity, lack of response set, divergent thinking
2. functional fixedness, creativity, convergent thinking
3. Lack of response set, convergent thinking, creativity
4. Divergent thinking, functional fixedness, response set.
Q.27  Teacher beliefs about success / failures of students often influence learning and motivation of
students especially form the disadvantaged group. Which of the following statements is correct in
this context?
1. Teacher expectancy influences children’s learning significantly
2. Teachers need to control student autonomy within the classroom
3. Teacher should encourage children to ‘perform’ better than others and complete well
4. Teacher need to train such students in strategies to ‘avoid’ failure at any cost.
Q.28 To be able to create a positive learning environment within the classroom, it is important that the
teachers –
1. follow the fixed time table well
2. are able to discipline children using awards and punishments
3. are able to include children’s emotions within learning process
4. are able to discriminate between the ‘abilities’ of children and make groupings accordingly
Q.29 Should a teacher be considered as authority figure within the classroom, who cannot be
1. Yes, it helps students gain the value of obedience and respect for teachers
2. Yes, only such a teacher can provide clear guidance and precise conceptual celerity to students
3. No, Students are afraid to ask questions from such teachers which results in lack of conceptual
4. No, teachers in any case are irrelevant for student learning in the digital age.
Q.30  Should ‘wrong’ answers of students be corrected by the teachers during class discussions?
1. Yes, children’s errors should be immediately rectified
2. No, children should be encouraged to express themselves without fear of being incorrect
3. Wrong answers are always a reflection of lack of conceptual clarify and must be always
4. Children come to school to gain correct information, so their answers should be corrected
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